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测绘考研学校-2020考研:中国近现代史纲要核心考点整理(四)

作者: 张馨予 发布时间: 2019年09月23日 21:56:52

为帮助众多莘莘学子备考研究生考试,陕西考研网为考生提供2020年考研备考复习资料,本文为大家提供考研政治复习资料,查看更多考研政治复习资料,请访问陕西考研网

shigangdisizhang

benzhangneirong:jiangshulexinwenhuayundonghewusiyundongdebaofajilishiyiyi,zhongguogongchandangdedanshengjiqiyiyi,zhongguogemingdexinjumian。benzhangbaokuosangebufen:1xinwenhuayundonghewusiyundong

2.makesizhuyidejinyibuchuanboyuzhongguogongchandangdansheng3.zhongguogemingdexinjumian

zhuyishixiang:nandubuda,neirongbijiaoduo,kaoshizhongchangkaozhangjieneirong,kaoshengxuyaolijiejiyideneirongyebijiaoduo,lijiejiyixinwenhuayundong,shiyuegeming,wusiyundong,zhongguogongchandangdedanshenghelishiyiyi,guogongdiyicihezuo。

kaochafangshi:xuanzeti,fenxiti

yi、xinwenhuayundonghewusiyundong

1.xinwenhuayundongdexingqi

xinwenhuayundongshicong1915nian9yuechenduxiuzai,shanghaichuangban《qingnianzazhi》(hougaiming《xinqingnian》)kaishide。

2.xinwenhuayundongdejibenneirong

chuqixinwenhuayundongdejibenneirongshi:tichangminzhuhekexue,fanduizhuanzhihemixinyucong;tichanggexingjiefang,fanduifengjianlijiao;tichangxinwenxue,fanduijiuwenxue,shixingwenxuegeming。xinwenhuayundongtichudejibenkouhaoshiminzhuhekexue。

3.wusiyiqianxinwenhuayundongdelishiyiyi

xinwenhuayundongshizhongguolishishangyiciqiansuoweiyoudeqimengyundonghekongqianshenkedesixiangjiefangyundong。

4.wusiyiqianxinwenhuayundongdejuxian

shouxian,xinwenhuayundongdechangdaozhepipankongxue,shiweilejizhongguofazhanzibenzhu,yisaoqingzhangai。qici,tamenbagaizaoguominxingzhiyuyouxiandediwei。zaici,neishidexuduolingdaorenwu,haimeiyoumakesizhuyidepipanjingshen,tamenshiyongdefangfa,yibanhaishizichanjiejidefangfa。

5.shiyuegemingduizhongguodeyingxiang

1917nianeguoshiyuegemingshiyigejuyouhuashidaiyiyideshijiexingdelishishijian。tatuidongzhezhongguodexianjinfenzibazijidemuguangcongxifangzhuanxiangdongfang,congzichanjiejiminzhuzhuyizhuanxiangshehuizhuyi。

zaizhongguodadishanglvxianjuqimakesizhuyiqizhide,shilidazhao。

6.wusiyundongdefashenghefazhan

1919nianwusiyundong,shizhongguojindaishishangyigehuashidaideshijian。wusiyundongdezhijiedaohuoxian,shibalihehuishangzhongguowaijiaodeshibai。

7.wusiyundongdelishitedianyuxinminzhuzhuyigemingdekaiduanwusiyundongshizaixindeshehuilishitiaojianxiafashengde,tajuyouyixinhaigemingweidaibiaodejiuminzhuzhuyigemingsuobujubeideyixietedian。

zhuyaoshi:diyi,wusiyundongbiaoxianlefandifanfengjiandechedixing。dier,wusiyundongshiyicizhenzhengdequnzhongyundong。disan,wusiyundongcujinlemakesizhuyizaizhongguodechuanbojiqiyuzhongguogongrenyundongdejiehe。disi,wusiyundongfashengzaieguoshiyuegemingzhihou,fashengzaiwuchanjiejishehuizhuyigemingdexinshidai。

wusiyundongjubeileshangshuxindelishitedian,chengweizhongguogemingdexinjieduanjixinminzhuzhuyigemingjieduandekaiduan。

er、makesizhuyidejinyibuchuanboyuzhongguogongchandangdansheng

1.zaoqimakesizhuyizhededuiwu

yishiwusiyiqianxinwenhuayundongdejingshenlingxiu。ershiwusiaiguoyundongdezuoyigugan。sanshiyibufenyuanzhongguotongmenghuihuiyuan、xinhaigemingshiqidehuodongjia。

2.zaoqimakesizhuyisixiangyundong

zheigeyundongyikaishijiujuyouyixiajigetedian:qiyi,zhongshiduimakesizhuyijibenlilundexuexi,qier,zhuyicongzhongguodeshijichufa,qisan,kaishitichuzhishifenziyingdangtonglaodongqunzhongxiangjiehedesixiang,zhuzhangzhishifenzi“xiangnongcunqu”“daominjianqu”。

3.xinwenhuayundongdefazhan

wusiyihoudexinwenhuayundongzhong,makesizhuyikaishizhubudizaisixiangwenhualingyuzhongfahuizhidaozuoyong。

4.zhongguogongchandangdezaoqizuzhi

1920nian8yue,zhongguodiyigegongchandangzuzhizaishanghaijianli,chengyuanyouchenduxiu、lihanjun、lidadeng,huiyituixuanchenduxiuweishuji,binghanyuegedishehuizhuyifenzizuzhizhibu。

5.zhongguogongchandangzaoqizuzhidehuodong

diyi,jiaqiangduimakesizhuyideyanjiuhexuanchuan。dier,daogongrenzhongjinxingxuanchuanhezuzhigongzuo。disan,jianlishehuizhuyiqingniantuan。disi,jinxingyouguanjiandangwentideyanjiuhetaolun。

6.zhongguogongchandangdiyiciquanguodaibiaodahuidahuiquedingdangdemingchengweizhongguogongchandang。

dangdeganglingshi:yiwuchanjiejigemingjunduituifanzichanjieji,caiyongwuchanjiejizhuanzhengyidadaojiejidouzhengdemudeyixiaomiejieji,feichuzibensiyouzhi,yijilianhedisanguojideng。

dahuijuedingshouxianjizhongjinglizuzhigongren。

dahuixuanjuchanshengleyouchenduxiu、zhangguodao、lidazuchengdedangdelingdaojigouyizhongyangju,yichenduxiuweishuji。

7.zhongguogongchandangchuangjiandelishitedian

zhongguogongchandangshizaitedingdeshehuilishitiaojianxiachenglide。zhongguogongchandangyikaishijiushiyigeyimakesilieningzhuyililunweijichudedang,shiyigequbieyudierguojijiushishehuigailiangdangdexinxinggongrenjiejigemingzhengdang。

8.zhongguogongchandangchenglideweidayiyi

zhongguogongchandangdechengli,shiyige“kaitianpididedashibian”。

diyi,zicongyoulezhongguogongchandang,zhongguogemingyoulejianqiangdelingdaoliliang。

dier,zhongguogongchandangdechengli,shizhongguogemingyoulekexuedezhidaosixiang。

disan,dangsuotichudeganglinghefendoumubiao,daibiaozhezhongguoshehuifazhandezhengquefangxiang。

disi,zhongguogongchandangdechengli,yeshizhongguogemingyoulexindegemingfangfa。

zhongguogemingdemianmucongcihuanranyixin。

san、zhongguogemingdexinjumian

1.zhidingfandifanfengjiandeminzhugeminggangling

zhonggongerdadiyicitichulefandifanfengjiandeminzhugemingdegangling,weizhongguorenminzhichulemingquededouzhengmubiao。qici,kaishicaiququnzhongluxiandefangfa。

2.fadonggongnongqunzhongkaizhangemingdouzheng

cong1922nian1yuexiangganghaiyuanbagongdao1923nian2yuejinghantielugongrenbagong,zaizhongguogongchandangdelingdao、zuzhi、tuidongxia,zhongguoxianqilediyigegongrenyundongdegaochao。

3.guogonghezuodexingcheng

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