火狐体育

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2020考研政治:史纲知识点冲刺复习(三)

作者: 张馨予 发布时间: 2019年11月25日 22:22:41

  半殖民地半封建社会的形成

  xifanglieqiangtongguoyixiliewuliruqinhuoweixie,qiangpoqingzhengfuyuzhiqiandingleyixiliebupingdengtiaoyue,shizhongguoshehuifashengleliangfangmiandebianhua:yishishizhongguoyouyigezhuquandulidefengjiandaguobianchengyigekansiduli、danshijishangshoulieqiangkongzhidebanzhimindiguojia。ershiyouyuwaiguozibenzhuyideruqin,zhongguobeijuanrushijiezibenzhuyijingjitixiheshijieshichangzhizhong,zhongguoyuanyoudefengjianjingjijiegoukaishijieti,minzuzibenzhuyizaizhongguoyeyoulechubufazhan,zhongguoyouyigewanquandefengjianshehuibianweiyouyidingchengduzibenzhuyichengfendebanfengjianshehui。

  weilejiashenduiqilijie,womenkeyicongzongxiangweiduhehengxiangweidufenbieduizheiyibianhuajinxingfenxi:

  一、纵向维度

  zheiyiweidushigeweitongxuezuiweishuxidezongjiesilu,zhuyaoshicongxifanglieqiangduizhongguofadongdeyixiliedaguimoqinlvezhanzhenglaikan,gexiangtiaoyuedeqiandingshidezhongguozhuquanbuduanzaodaopohuai,qinlveshiliduizhongguodekongzhirijianjiashen。

  1、diyiciyapianzhanzheng

  diyiciyapianzhanzhengzhongzhongguozhanbaihou,congqianding《nanjingtiaoyue》dengyipitiaoyuekaishi,jiubiaozhizhezhongguokaishilunweibanzhimindibanfengjianshehui。shehuixingzhidegaibianshidejindaizhongguodezhuyaomaodun、lishirenwudenggefangmiandoufashenglezhongdabianhua,yincizheishizhongguojindaishidekaiduan。

  2、dierciyapianzhanzheng

  dierciyapianzhanzhengzhongguozhanbaihou,qingzhengfuyulieqiangqiandingleyixilietiaoyue,《tianjintiaoyue》、《beijingtiaoyue》、《aihuntiaoyue》deng,lieqiangzaizhongguohuodelegengduodequanyi,zhongguobanzhimindihuachengdujinyibujiashen。

  3、zhongrijiawuzhanzheng

  zhongrijiawuzhanzhengyiji《maguantiaoyue》deqianding,biaozhizhezhongguobanzhimindibanfengjianchengdudadajiashenle。cishidiguozhuyilieqiangjingxiangzaizhongguozujiegangwanhehuafenshilifanwei,zhongguomianlinzhebeiguafendeweiji。zuizhuyaodeshi,lieqiangduizhongguodejingjiqinlveyoushangpinshuchuweizhufazhandaoyizibenshuchuweizhudejieduan,zheiduijindaizhongguoshehuixingzhideyingxiangyouqimingxian。

    4、baguolianjunqinhuazhanzheng

  baguolianjunqinhuazhanzhengyiji《xinchoutiaoyue》deqianding,biaozhizhezhongguowanquanlunweibanzhimindibanfengjianshehui。lieqiangyuzhongguofengjianshilishendugoujie,qingzhengfuyijingwanquanxiangdiguozhuyitoujiang,chedilunweidiguozhuyitongzhizhongguodegongju。cishizhongguozhuquansangshidaijin,chengweixifangjingjidefuyong。

  二、横向维度

  hengxiangweidushiyilieqiangfadongdeqinlvezhanzhengyijiqinlvezhanzhenghouqiandingdetiaoyueweianxian,fenbiecongjunshi、zhengzhi、jingji、wenhuasigefangmianlaijinxingzongjieyufenxi。

  1、junshifangmianderuqin

  junshiruqinpohuailezhongguoneibuxiangduidewendingjiegou,zhongguozhuquankaishibuduanzaodaopohuai。yingguoyongwulidakaizhongguodamen,zhihoulieqiangluxuxiangzhongguofadongleduociqinlvezhanzheng,diyiciyapianzhanzheng、yingfalianjunqinhuazhanzheng、zhongfazhanzheng、zhongrijiawuzhanzhengyijibaguolianjunqinhuazhanzheng。yifangmianzheixiezhanzhengduizhongguodailaidezainanshijudade,lingyifangmian,zhengrumaozedongzijizai《zhongguogemingyuzhongguogongchandang》zhongsuoshuo,“yongzhanzhengdabailezhongguohou,diguozhuyilieqiangzhanlinglezhongguozhoubiandexuduoyuanyouzhongguobaohudeguojia”,jizheiduiyixiezhoubianguojiayeshiyichangzainan。

  2、zhengzhifangmiandeyapo

  zhengzhiyapoqinfanlezhongguozhuquan,pohuailezhongguoduli。yifangmian,tongguozhanzhenghouyixilietiaoyuedeqianding,zhongguodelingtuzhuquan、linghaizhuquan、sifazhuquandengbuduanbeipohuai,dulidetianchaoshangguobufucunzai。lingyifangmian,weilegenghaodiqinlvezhongguo,lieqiangtongguofuzhizhongguofuxiudefengjianshilihemaibanshilizuoweitamentongzhizhongguodegongju。suizhelieqiangyuzhongguofengjiantongzhishiligoujiechengdudibuduanjiashen,zhongguoyuanbenjiaoweiwendingdefengjianzhengzhijiegouyezaibuduanjietizhong,liruxinhaigemingqianxi,qingzhengfujiuwanquanlunweile“yangrendechaoting”,yenengshuoming“fengjianxing”zaimanmanzouxiangmori。

  3、jingjifangmiandecuican

  jingjifangmiandecuicandaozhizhongguofengjianjingjijiegouchuyubuduanjietideguochengzhong,qinlveshilizhujiancaozonglezhongguodecaizhenghejingjimingmai,zheiduizhongguoyingxiangshihenshenyuande。shouxian,lieqiangtongguotiaoyuedeqiandingzaizhongguojuequlehenduojingjitequan,liruguanshuixieding、tongshangkouantouzibanchang、duiwaimaoyidekaizhan、duizhongguocaifudezhijiehuojianjielveduoyijijinyibudezibenshuchudeng,zheixiedourangzhongguogenghaodichengweiletamendeshangpinqingxiaodi,suiranzhongguojingjifangmiandefengjianyinsushoudaochongjibingzaibuduanjianshao,danshixinshishengchanlidefazhanyeshoudaocuican。qici,zhongguominzuzibenzhuyizaizheizhongbeijingxiadansheng,dantayebukebimiandishoudaowaiguozibenzhuyideyapo,zheiyeshidezhongguominzuzibenzhuyijixingfazhan,zaochengminzuzichanjiejijuyouliangmianxing。zuihou,zaihouqilieqiangtongguobuduandaikuanjizhongguo,zheigengshipohuailezhongguozaijingjifangmiandedulizizhuxing,shijindaizhongguoshehuideshengchanlifazhanjubuweijian。

     4、wenhuafangmiandeshentou

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