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2019考研英语:20种常见修辞手法

作者: 张馨予 发布时间: 2021年07月21日 10:50:48

  linghuoyunyongyingyuxiucishoufa,keyibangzhudajiazaixiezuoshangnagaofen,haikeyirangdajiagenghaodilijieyuedu。xindongfangzhenglile20zhongchangjiandexiucishoufa,zaizheilifenxiangjidajia。

  1. simile 明喻

  mingyushijiangjuyougongxingdebutongshiwuzuoduibi,zheizhonggongxingcunzaiyurenmendexinli,erbushishiwudeziranshuxing。

  biaozhicichangyong:like, as, seem, as if, as though, similar to, such as deng。

  liru:

  1. i wandered lonely as a stay dog. woxiangyizhiliulanggouyiyanggududisichupiaobo。

  2. einstein likes to put a cloak on, as if he had just walked out of a fairy tale. aiyinsitanxihuanpizhedoupeng,jiuhaoxiangganggangcongtonghuagushizhongzouchulai。

  2. metaphor 隐喻,暗喻

  yinyushijiansuoledemingyu,shijiangmouyishiwudemingchengyongyulingyishiwu,tongguobijiaoxingcheng。

  liru:

  1. hope is a good breakfast, but it is a bad supper.xiwangshidunmeihaodezaocan,danqueshiyidunzaogaodewancan。

  2. some books are to be tasted, others swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested.yixieshuxuyaobei“qianchangzhezhi”diyuedu,lingyixiexuyaobei“langtunhuyan”bandiyuedu;henshaoyibufenxuyaobei“xijiaomanyan”diyuedu。

  3. metonymy 借喻,转喻

  jieyubuzhijieshuochusuoyaoshuodeshiwu,ershiyonglingyigeyuzhixiangguandeshiwumingcheng。

  1. yirongqidaitineirong,liru:

  1)the kettle boils. shuikaile。

  2)the room sat silent. quanwurenanjingdizuozhe。

  2. yiziliao、gongjudaitishiwudemingcheng,liru:

  lend me your ears, please. qingtingwoshuo。

  3. yizuozhedaitizuopin,liru:

  a complete shakespeare shashibiyaquanji

  4. yijutishiwudaitichouxianggainian,liru:

  i had the muscle, and they made money out of it. woyouliqi,tamenjiuyongwodeliqizhuanqian。

  4. synecdoche 提喻

  tiyuyongbufendaitiquanti,huoyongquantidaitibufen,huoteshudaitiyiban。

  liru:

  1. there are about 100 hands working in his factory. tadechangliyueyou100minggongren。

  2. he is the newton of this century. tashibenshijideniudun。

  3. the fox goes very well with your cap. zheihupiweiboyunidemaozihenxiangpei。

  5. synesthesia 通感、联觉、移觉

  zheizhongxiucifashiyishi、ting、chu、xiu、weidengganjuezhijiemiaoxieshiwu。

  liru:

  1. the birds sat upon a tree and poured forth their lily like voice. niaoerluozaishushang,qingxiechubaihehuasideshengyin。

  2. taste the music of mozart. pinjianmozartdeyinle。

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