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2019考研:12个基本专业概念

作者: 张馨予 发布时间: 2021年08月04日 20:48:47

  1、学术型研究生

  xueshuxingshuoshijiaoyuyipeiyangjiaoxuehekeyanrencaiweizhu,shouyuxueweideleixingzhuyaoshixueshuxingxuewei。

  2、专业学位研究生

  zhuanyexueweiyanjiushengshiguojiaweilekefuxueshuxingshuoshidebuzuxinzengdeyizhongxinshuoshi,peiyangdeshixianzaishichangjinquedeyingyongxingrencai。

  jiandanershuo,qubiezaiyu:

  xuezhibutong:xueshuodaduo3nian,zhuanshuodoushi2nian。(xianzaihaoduodoushi2.5nian,ji12yuezuoyoubiyedeyangzi)zhuanshuo:pianshijianguojiakuozhaoershedekaoshinandujiaojiandan(shuxueer、yingyuer),jiangxuejinjiaoxueshuonannashuangzheng(zhumingzhuanyexuewei)

  xueshuo:pianyanjiuchuantongyanjiushengxingshikaoshinandujiaokunnan,jiangxuejinxiangduirongyishuangzhengdubofangbian,kaobushangkeyidiaojizhuanshuo,zhuanshuobunengdiaojixueshuo。

  3、单独考试

  dandukaoshishiweiyongrendanweidingxiangpeiyangyewuguganershezhideyanjiushengruxuekaoshi。jigongxuexiaobenkebiyezaishenqingdezhuanyehuoxiangguanzhuanyelianxugongzuosinian、yijingfabiaoguolunwenhuochengweiyewugugande,caikeyishenqingdandukaoshi。

  dandukaoshidekemushezhiyuquanguotongkaoyizhi,gonggongkeshitinanyichengduyeyutongkaoshuipingxiangdang。dankaoshidemingtiquanshubaokaoyuanxiao,yibanbuzhuanhukoujidanganguanxi,jutibaokaozigeqingyuxiangguandanweizixun。

  jianzhuxueshuoshi、gongchengshuoshi、chengshiguihuashuoshi、nongyetuiguangshuoshi、shouyishuoshi、fengjingyuanlinshuoshi、linyeshuoshi、linchuangyixueshuoshi、kouqiangyixueshuoshi、gonggongweishengshuoshi、hulishuoshi、yaoxueshuoshi、zhongyaoxueshuoshideng13gezhuanyexueweileibiekeshezhidandukaoshi。

  4、推荐免试

  tuijianmianshiyanjiusheng,jiancheng“tuiyan”,shizhibuyongcanjiayanjiushengkaoshierzhijieduyandeyizhongqingxing。

  tuijianmianshiyanjiusheng,yinganzhaoguojiajiaoyubumenjiutuijianshaoshuyouxiuyingjiebenkebiyeshengmianshiweishuoshiyanjiushenggongzuodeguidingzhixing,yibanyoufabubaoyanbanfahuobaoyanjianzhang、zhunbeihejisongcailiao、bishimianshi、yuluquhebaomingdengjigejieduan。

  tuiyananshijianpaixushi:jiaocha、benxizhibo、benxizhishuo、waitui、gongshuo。tuiyanshijianweimeiniandasishangxueqi9yuechudao9yuemo。

  tuimiansuojubeidetiaojian:jingshendingkeyikaizhantuimianshenggongzuodegaodengxuexiao,keyituijianhuohutiyuguidingshuliangdeyouxiuyingjiebenkebiyeshengmianchushi,bingzaiguidingderiqiqianzhijiedaobaokaodanweicanjiafushihebanlijieshoushouxu。tuijianhejieshoubanfayouxuexiao(zhaoshengdanwei)genjujiaoyubudeyouguanguidingzhiding。beijieshoudetuimiansheng(baokuoyanjiushengzhijiaotuanhenongcunjiaoyushuoshixiangmudetuimiansheng)xuzaiguojiaguidingdebaomingshijianneidaobaokaodianbanlibaomingquerenshouxu,yibudezaicanjiatongkao。zaiguidingderiqineirengweiluoshijieshouzhaoshengdanweidetuimianshengbuzaibaoliutuimianzige。

  chugongshangguanlishuoshi、gonggongguanlishuoshi、gongchengshuoshizhongdexiangmuguanli、jiaoyushuoshizhongdejiaoyuguanli、tiyushuoshizhongdejingsaizuzhiwai,qitaxueshuxingzhuanyehegezhuanyexueweijunkejieshoutuimiansheng。

  5、地区划分

  zaixuanzeyuanxiaozhiqian,kaoshengyidingyaoxianlejiekaoyanyuanxiaosuozaidediqu,shouxianxuyaolejieyixiayanzhaoyuanxiaodediquhuafen。diquhuafendehanyishijiaoyubugenjugedidejingji、jiaoyufazhanshuipingerhuafendeyuanxiaoquyu。

  6、考试分区

  yilei:beijing、tianjin、shanghai、jiangsu、zhejiang、fujian、shandong、henan、hubei、hunan、guangdong、hebei、shanxi、liaoning、jilin、heilongjiang、anhui、jiangxi、zhongqing、sichuan、shanxi21gesheng(shi);

  erlei:neimenggu、guangxi、hainan、guizhou、yunnan、xizang、gansu、qinghai、ningxia、xinjiang10gesheng(qu)。

  meileidiqukaoyanyaoqiufenshuxianshibuyiyangde,yileiduiyingaquxian,erleiduiyingbquxian,qizhongaquyaoqiujiaogao,bqujiaodi。

  7、高校层次

  kaoyanyuanxiaoxuanzeyizhishiremenhuati,congbeishangguangdao“211”“985”“zhongyangbushujigongxuexiao”dengdeng,quanguoliangqianduosuogaoxiaobeifenweiduozhongcengci,henduokaoshengdoushibenzhemingtouqude。xiamianweidajiapujiyixiabijiaoremendegaoxiaocengci。

  1) 34所

  “34suo”jizaizhaoshoushuoshiyanjiushengdeguochengzhongkeyizizhuhuadingfushifenshuxiandegaoxiao,yigongyou34suogaoxiao,yincijiancheng“34suo”。guojiachutaizheigezhengcedemudeshijiyuzheixiejigongxuexiaozaizhaoshengdeshihouyougengduodeyoushi,nenggourangxuexiaozaixuanzerencaideshihouyougengdadezizhuquan。xuexiaogenjubaokaozijixuexiaokaoshengdeqingkuanghejihuazhaoshengderenshulaiquedingfenshuxian,xuexiaoquedinghoushangbaojiaoyububeianjiukeyile。

  “34suo”zizhuhuaxiandexuexiaodefenshuxianjibenshangdouhuigaoyuguojiaxian,yebupaichuyougebiexuexiaogebiezhuanyehuidiyuguojiaxian。jutiyuanxiaoyou:

  beijing:beijingjigongxuexiao、zhongguorenminjigongxuexiao、qinghuajigongxuexiao、beijinghangkonghangtianjigongxuexiao、beijingligongjigongxuexiao、zhongguonongyejigongxuexiao、beijingshifanjigongxuexiao

  tianjin:nankaijigongxuexiao、tianjinjigongxuexiao

  liaoning:dalianligongjigongxuexiao,dongbeijigongxuexiao

  jilin:jilinjigongxuexiao

  heilongjiang:haerbingongyejigongxuexiao

  shanghai:fudanjigongxuexiao、tongjijigongxuexiao、shanghaijiaotongjigongxuexiao

  jiangsu:nanjingjigongxuexiao、dongnanjigongxuexiao

  zhejiang:zhejiangjigongxuexiao

  anhui:zhongguokexuejishujigongxuexiao

  fujian:shamenjigongxuexiao

  shandong:shandongjigongxuexiao

  hubei:wuhanjigongxuexiao、huazhongkejijigongxuexiao

  hunan:hunanjigongxuexiao、zhongnanjigongxuexiao

  guangdong:zhongshanjigongxuexiao、huananligongjigongxuexiao

  zhongqing:zhongqingjigongxuexiao

  sichuan:sichuanjigongxuexiao、dianzikejijigongxuexiao

  shanxi:xianjiaotongjigongxuexiao、xibeigongyejigongxuexiao

  gansu:lanzhoujigongxuexiao

  2) 985

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