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厅属技工学校-仰望星空逐夢飛揚(新中國的“第一”·70年)

作者: 张馨予 发布时间: 2019年09月14日 11:12:34

厅属技工学校-仰望星空逐夢飛揚(新中國的“第一”·70年)

 

  北京天文館天象廳。
  資料圖片

 

  1957nian9yue29ri,beijingtianwenguankaiguanyingke。tashiwoguodiyizuodaxingtianwenguan,yitianwenkepujiemufangyingweihexin,fuyitianwenzhanlan、tianwenguancedeng,beijingtianwenguanxunsuchengweichuanbotianwenzhishidezhongyaozhendi。

  lishibeijing            

  1923nian,deguocaisichangzhizaochuleshijieshangdiyitaitianxiangyi,deming“jiatianyi”。suihou,shijiediyizuojiatianguanzaideguojiancheng。

  1954nianxiatian,wozhuwaishiguanjianyigoumaitianxiangyizuoweiyibufenwaimaobuchang。tongnian9yue,zhongyangjuedingchoujianbeijingtianwenguan,zhongkeyuanconggaiyuanniandujingfeizhongbokuanyongwuchoujianchangguan。zici,woguokaishichoujiandiyizuotianwenguan,zhizhi1957nianjianchengkaifang。

  2004nian,beijingtianwenguanxinguankaifang。2008nian,laoguanwanchenggaizaobingzhongxinkaifang。zhici,beijingtianwenguanzaizhuanyeshebeidengfangmianchengweishijiezuixianjindetianwenguanzhiyi。

  2007nian7yue,jingguojitianwenxuelianhehuixiaotiantimingmingweiyuanhuipizhun,bianhaowei59000haodexiaoxingxingbeimingmingwei“beiguanxing”,biaozhuzhubeijingtianwenguanduizhongguodetianwenkepushiyezuochudezhuoyuegongxian。

  qinlizheshuo            

  zhaoshiying:beijingtianwenguanyuanyishizhuren,zaiguangongzuo40nian

  1956nian,20suidezhaoshiyinglaidaohuanzaichoujiandebeijingtianwenguanxuexi,tonglaidenianqingrengong32wei。

  “xinzhongguochenglichuqi,renmenduikexueheyuzhousuozhishenshao。tianwenguandechenglikeyixiangguangdarenminqunzhongpujikexuewenhuazhishi。”zhaoshiyinghuiyi。

  1955nianchun,shirenshanghaixujiahuiguanxiangtaifuzeren、tianwenxuejiachenzunguiyingzhongkeyuanzhukezhen、wuyouxunliangweifuyuanchangzhiyao,churenbeijingtianwenguanshourenguanchang,canyuchoujianbeijingtianwenguan。

  zaitianwenguandemingmingfangmian,youyixiebozhe。qichu,quanguokepuxiehuidewenjianzhongjiangzhegejijiangjianchengdekepuchangguanchengwei“jiatianguan”,yinweixingkongshirenzaode。raner,chenzunguirenwei,woguojianliquanxindekepujigou,zhuyaoshixiangrenminqunzhongxuanchuantianwenxue,chutianxiangbiaoyanwai,huanjiangjubanzhanlan、kexuejiangzuo,zuzhitianwenxiaozuguance。yinci,mingchengyinggaiwei“tianwenguan”。chenzunguidejianchi、zhukezhendezhichi,shi“beijingtianwenguan”demingzizhongwuqiaoding。

  xuanzhiyepofeisiliang。zhaoshiyinghuiyi,1955nianxuanzhishi,chenzunguiyuzhukezhen、wuhan、liangsicheng、zhangkaijidengzaibeijingduochukaocha。tianwenguancengkaolvjianzaitiantanheguloufujin,danyinzhongzhongyuanyinzuoba,zuizhong,xuanzhixizhimenwai。“chenzunguirenwei,cidijiaotongbianli、huanjingkaikuo,gengzhongyaodeshiyufujindebeijingdongwuyuanhebeijingzhanlanguanxiangdeyizhang,xingchengleyigefeichanghaodekexuewenhuafenwei。”

  1955nian10yue24ri,beijingtianwenguanzhengshidonggong, “dangshirenmenyixinxiangbatajianchengkexueheyishudediantang”。najianzhushejilaishuo,zongshejishishizhangkaiji,shineizhuangshiyoumeishudashiwuzuorenhezhoulingzhaodengrenwancheng。riyueshenfudiaodengzuopinzechuzizhumingdiaosujiahuatianyou、wanglinyi、cengzhushaozhishou。“jitixianminzuchuantongfengmaoyourongruxiandaifengge,xuduoguanzhongmeijinzhanshijiuzanshangbuyi,xiangbudaohuanyouzhemazhuanglidedifang。”

  jianzaoqiumuxuyaoyongtongpi,ertongpidangshishifeichangjinzhangdejunyongwuzi,weici,guojiatepile5duntongpi,“yilaikaolvtongpishiyongshoumingchang,erlaitongpiyanghuahoubianchenglvsebijiaohaokan。”

  jianguantongshi,renyuanpeixunyezaijinluomigujinxing。neigeniandai,guoneimeiyoutianwenxuejiaocai,shangkequankaolaoshiyijujufanyisulianjiaocai。yicishangkeshi,chenzunguituranshuo,tianwenguanshixinzhongguodediyigekejiguan,zhegeshiyezenmagan,zijiyemeishenmabawo。“ruguoyouzhiwuzhexiangshiye,womenjiuyiqitansuo﹔ruguoduicimeishenmaxingqu,keyilingzhaochulu,budanwunimen,yebudanwuzhegetianwenshiye。”zuizhong,shiduogenianqingrenliulexialai。

  1957nian9yue29ri,beijingtianwenguankaiguan,xiaoxizhendongquanguo。dangnianguoqingjietianwenguanzhengshiduigongzhongkaifanghou,meitiandouyoujiqianmingguanzhong。zhaoshiyingshuo,dangshimeitianguanlibiaoyanqibachangliyuanxianshengshejidetianxiangjiemu《daoyuzhouqulvxing》。“neishiquankaorenxianchangjieshuo,gongzuorenyuansangzidouyale。”guanzhongmumingerlai,baitiankantaiyangheizi,wanshangkanxingxingyueliang,renmenzaizheliliulianwangfan。zhaoshiyingzhijinhuanjide,1958nian,yiweiliumingwei“shaya”deguanzhongxiedexiaoshi:zhanlanyuzhouhai,conglaiweitongzhou﹔chengzuotianxiangyi,xingkongxinbuyou。

  canguantieshi            

  beijingtianwenguanbaokuoa、bliangguan,gong4gekepujuchang。aguantianxiangtingnengweichangnei400mingguanzhongbizhenhuanyuandiqiushangrouyankejiande9000yukehengxing。bguanneiyouyuzhoujuchang、4djuchang、3djuchang3gekepujuchang。qizhongyuzhoujuchangnengtongshiwei200mingguanzhongchengxianqishihuihongdelititianmuxiaoguo。

  ruguoxianglejiegengduotianwenzhishi,keyichaxunbeijingtianwenguanguanwang()de“tianwenkepu”zhuanlan,huankeyicanjiagongzhongkexuejiangzuo,《tianwenaihaozhe》zazhiyezhideyikan。

  banshisheji:zhangdanfeng


  《 人民日報 》( 2019年09月14日 07 版)

(zebian:lifeng、caokun)

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