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北京金隅学校-“超大城市”地位不保 首尔如何自救?

作者: 张馨予 发布时间: 2019年10月04日 10:33:28

【“chaodachengshi”diweibubao shouerruhezijiu?】jinri,jumeitibaodao,jiezhi2019niandi,shouerzongrenkouwei1004wanrenzuoyou。kaolvdaojinsannianlaishouerjingqianchurenkouda8wanrenyishangdengyinsu,jinnianniandihuomingnianshangbannian,shouerrenkoujiangdiepoqianwandaguan,shiqu“chaodachengshi”diwei。(genjulianheguoguiding,renkoushuliangchaoguo1000wandechengshikedingyiwei“chaodachengshi”。)(meirijingjixinwen)

  jinri,jumeitibaodao,jiezhi2019niandi,shouerzongrenkouwei1004wanrenzuoyou。kaolvdaojinsannianlaishouerjingqianchurenkouda8wanrenyishangdengyinsu,jinnianniandihuomingnianshangbannian,shouerrenkoujiangdiepoqianwandaguan,shiqu“chaodachengshi”diwei。(genjulianheguoguiding,renkoushuliangchaoguo1000wandechengshikedingyiwei“chaodachengshi”。)

  “renkouweijibujinyingxiangjingjifazhan,haihuidongyaohanguogenji。renkouweijiyijingfeichangyanzhong,ruguozaibuxingdong,jiangduiguojiazaocheng‘wufamibu’desunhai。”

  hanguozongtongwenzaiyindehua,kongpabingbushiweiyansongting。

  01、双重人口危机

  renkouliushijiashangshaozilaolinghua,dangqian,shouerzhengmianlinshuangzhongrenkouweiji。

  tongjixianshi,xianjieduanshouerrenkouzhong,hanguorenwei976wan,waiguorenwei28wan。zi2019nianqi,hanguobendirenchengzhunianxiahuaqushi。waiguorensuiranmeiniandouyouxiaofuzengzhang,danrengranwufazudangshouerrenkoushuaituiqushi。

2019nian-2019nianshouerhanguorenshuliangbianhuaqushi

  zuijinjinian,shouerxianqiyigu“renkouwaiqianchao”,renkoubuduanliushidaozhoubianchengshi。

  yi2019nianhanguorenkouliudongqushituweili,shouerxibuderenchuanrenkouzengjia3.87%,dongbujiangyuandaodiqurenkouzengjia3.2%,fujinjingjidaoquyugengshizengjiale4.9%,weidushouerrenkouchengxiahuaqushi,liushi1.14%。

  churenkouliushiwai,zaozai2019nian,shouerjiuzhengshijinrulaolingshehui,65suijiyishangrenkouzaishouerzhanbida14.4%。cong2000nianjinrulaolinghuashehuidaozhengshiburulaolingshehui,hanguojinjinyongle17nian,chaoguoriben24nian,chengweishijieshanglaolinghuasuduzuikuaideguojia。

  ouzhoushujujigougefirazaiduibihanguo1997nianhe2019nianrenkoujiegouhoufaxian,2019nian,65suijiyishanggenianlingduanlaonianrenkouzhanzongrenkoubilidouchengxianshangshengqushi,er30suiyixiaqingshaonianrenkouzhanbizebuduanxiahua。

hanguo1997nianyu2019nianrenkoujiegouduibi

  shishishang,zishangshiji60niandaiyilai,hanguoshengyulvchixuzoudi。tebieshi2000nianyilai,shengyulvyizhipaihuaizai1zuoyoudedishuipingxian。shengyulvchixuxiajiang,jinyibujiajulaolinghuawenti。

  8yuedi,hanguotongjijufabushujuxianshi,2019nianhanguozongshengyulvwei0.98,lianyidishengyulvzhuchengderibenquniandezongshengyulvdougaoyuhanguo,wei1.42。zheiyiweizhe,hanguoyulingnvxing(15sui-49sui)pingjunshengyudezinvshuliangbuzu1ge。hanguoyeyoucichengweiquanqiuweiyiyigechushenglvjinru“lingshidai”deguojia。

hanguolinianzongshengyulvzoushi

  shujuhaixianshi,qunianhanguoxinshengershuliangjin32.68wanren,biqianyinianjianshao3.09wan(jiangfu8.7%),tongyangchuangxialishizuidijilu。

  yibanlaishuo,weibaochirenkouzhangqiwending,yiguozongshengyulvxuyaodadao2.1degengtishuiping。eranzhaomuqianhanguodechaodishengyulvjisuan,bangeshijihou,hanguozongrenkoukenengjianshaosanfenzhiyi。niujinjigongxuexiaorenkouxuejiaoshoudaweikeermangengshizhuanwencheng:“hanguojianghuishitouyigeyinrenkoujianshaoercongdiqiushangxiaoshideguojia。”

  02、低欲望社会

  renkouliushiheshaozilaolinghuadachaobeihou,shishouergaoqidefangjiaheshiyelv,yijizaigaoyahuanjingxianianqingrendiyuwangdeshehuixintai。

  jutongji,jinnian5yue,shouerzhuzhaixinfangpingjunshoujiaweimeipingfangmi778wanhanyuan(yuerenminbi4.7wanyuan),dadaohanguoquanguopingjunfangjialiangbeiyishang。shouershizhongxindepingjunfangjiagengshigaoda1505wanhanyuanmeipingmi(yue9.17wanyuanrenminbi)。erjingjidaodengshouerzhoubiandefangjiazexiangbishouerbianyi31%zuoyou,yincidaliangwufafudangaofangjiadeshouerjuminxuanzeqianwangjingjidao。

  ciqian,hanguoguotujiaotongbuheshouershizhengfufabudeshujuxianshi,2019nianshouerfangjiashourubiwei8.8——jiyigejiatingbuchibuheyeyaozan9niangongzicainengzaishouermaifang。shenghuozaishoudouquandenianqingrendaduoshuzhangqiguozhezufangshenghuo。“zheizuochengshiwufatigongweilaidejia。”zheishishouernianqingrendepubianganshou。

  hanguoshiyewentiyizhibijiaotuchu。zuijin5nian,shiyelvyizhichengdiedangshangshengqushi。jinnian4yue,hanguoshiyelvgengshidadao4.4%,chuangxiajin20nianlaixingao。qizhong,hanguoqingnianshiyewentiyouqituxian。

hanguojin5nianshiyelvbianhuaqushi

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