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“东方红一号”功勋设计师,“无名却伟大”

作者: 张馨予 发布时间: 2019年11月15日 14:47:35

yuanbiaoti: “dongfanghongyihao”gongxunshejishi,“wumingqueweida”

  他,曾受到毛泽东接见;他,曾向周恩来汇报工作

  “东方红一号”功勋设计师,“无名却伟大”

“东方红一号”功勋设计师,“无名却伟大”

  chenkemingzaifankankandengyoudangnianyumaozedongwoshouzhaopiandebaozhi。zhangyanyunshe

  meitianzhiyaoyoushijian,85suidechenkemingdouhuizaijiazhongdakaidiannao,sousuoliulanhangtianlingyudexinwen。

  zuijin,tahaijingchanghuikan2019nianguoqingyuebingshipin。meidangkandaozhanlvedajimokuaizhongdejulang-2daodanfangdui,tadounanyanneixindejidong。jinguanyishimaodiezhinian,taxinlishizhongfangbuxiazheigeweizhifendoulejishiniandeshiye。

  “东方红一号”功勋代表之一

  chenkemingdeshujuzhong,baocunzheyizhangbaozhi,shangmiankandengzheyizhangzhenguidezhaopian。zhaopianli,chenkemingzuoweiwoguoshoukerenzaoweixing——“dongfanghongyihao”fashechenggongdegongxundaibiaozhiyi,zhengjieshoumaozedongjiejian。

  “dongfanghongyihao”renzaoweixingyouzhangzhengyihaoyunzaihuojianfashe,chenkemingshihuojiandisanjigutifadongjiyanzhizhe。neishiwoguoshouxingtourushiyongdegutihuojianfadongji。

  1934nian,chenkemingchushengzaijiangsunantongyigenongminjiating。jigongxuexiaobiyeqian,xuexiaoxuanqu10mingyouxiuxuesheng,rangtamenxiugaizhiyuan。“wotiandeshibeijingjigongxuexiao、fudanjigongxuexiao,xuexiaoranggaichenghuadonghangkongxueyuan。”

  20shijiwuliushiniandai,mianduiyanjunguojixingshi,woguokaiqi“wentian”zhengcheng,jidaipeiyangyipizhiliyuhangtianshiyedenianqingren。chenkeming,jiushibeixuanzhongdeyige。

  “dangheguojiarangwoqunaer,wojiuqunaer!”1956nian,chenkemingkaoruhuadonghangkongxueyuan,zhuxiufeijisheji。1958nian,maozedongzaibadaercihuiyishangtichu:“womenyeyaogaorenzaoweixing!”suihou,tatingconganpai,bazhuanyediaozhengweihuojiandaodansheji。

  1962nian,taxiangyinghaozhaoruwu,jinruwoguoshougegutihuojianfadongjiyanjiuyuansuo——qijibudisiyanjiuyuan。

  1965nian,disiyanjiuyuanbandaohuhehaote。jidijianzaifengshafeiyangdegebitanshang,zhouweishihuangmoheyewanchengqundeyelang。“yijianjiaoshijishibangongshiyoushisushe。meiyouxiliang,yirisancanshiwowotouhebaomitudou。”chenkemingshuo,dangshijidizhiyouyitiaolinshipincoudeshengchanxian。

  常向周恩来汇报情况

  1966niandi,chenkemingjiedaoyanzhizhangzhengyihaoyunzaihuojiandisanjigutifadongjiderenwu。huojianyierjishiyongdeshichengshudeyetifadongji,dangutifadongjijishudangshizaiguoneishikongbai。

  “disanjiderenwushirangsuduchaoguodiyiyuzhousudu,shiguanjiandejiasuhuanjie。”chenkemingshuo,dangshijishuyouxian,shengchantiaojianyecha,danzhenzhengrangtafanchoudeshiguowaiduizhongguojishufengsuo,“meiyourenhejishuziliao,zhinengzijiyanjiugutituijinji”。

  chenkemingdongfanxizhao,nongdaoyiben《huojiantuijin》desulianyuanbanjiaocai,dajiazijifanyi、fanfuxuexi。zuikaishipeizhichudegutituijinjibudabiao,“ranshaowendushangbulai,tuilishidashixiao,danwomenjuexingongkezheigenanti。”chenkemingshuo,“waiguorennenggaocheng,womenyeyidingneng!”

  daizhezheiyangdexinnian,tahetuanduizai3nianduodeshijianli,yicicishibai,“meijishu,womenjiuyongzuibendefangfayidiandianmosuotuijinjiyuanliaopeibi。huanlesansishizhongpeifang,zuizhongchenggongle!”

  qijian,chenkemingtuanduizaibeijing703suo、gangtieyanjiuyuanzhichixia,jiejueleranshaoshiqiaoticailiaonanti。danxinwentiyouchulaile,chenkemingnazheshejituzhihejishuwenjian,paoleshijigeshengshi、zoufang30duoweizhuanjia,quezhaobudaoyijianengdulishengchanranshaoshiqiaotidechangjia。tazhihaohuazhengweiling,barenwufenjiejibutongchangjiajiagong,zuihouzaipinzhuang。

  chenkeminghuiyi,yanfaqijian,qianxuesenduocitixingtamen,yaobaanquanxishudoufangzaishejizhezijidekoudaili,yinggaijixincailiao、xingongyiliuyoujiagongyuliang,“buranshejizaihao,zhongguorenshengchanbuchulai,waiguorenyejuebuhuiweiwomenshengchan,shejiyoushenmeyongchu?”

  “zhouzongliduizheigegongzuohenguanxin,womenchangxiangtahuibaoqingkuang。”chenkemingshuo,suiranyalirushan、kunnanzhongzhong,danxiangdaozheishiguojiaheminzudexuyao,tamencongweiyanqi。

  zuihou,jingguo19cidimianshicheshiyan,chenkemingtuanduiyu1969nian7yuechenggongjiaofu2taigutihuojianfadongji,quebaolefasherenwuruqijinxing。

  “我不怕被炸死,只怕出现失败”

  1970nian4yue24riwan,zaizhangzhengyihaofasheqian,chenkemingyushichetaitaizhangyiqiduigutihuojiandianhuoguanzuozuihouxiaoduijiancha。

  zheishizuiweixiandeyigehuanjie,yidanfashengyiwaijiuyoukenengdangchangbaozha。dantashuo,neiyikezijizhiyoujinzhang,“wobupabeizhasi,wozhipazuihouyikechuxianshibai,wufawanchengdangheguojiajiaojiwomenderenwu”。

  dangwan9shi35fen,zhangzhengyihaochenggongfashe,yierjijiantituoluohou,disanjifadongjishunlidianhuo。chenkemingshuo,tingdao“weixingrugui”debaogaohou,xianchangfeitengqilai,xuduorenreleiyingkuang。

  dangnian5yue1ri,chenkemingyuqianxuesen、renxinmin、sunjiadong、qifarendeng17mingdaibiaoyiqizoushangtiananmen,shoudaomaozhuxidengdangheguojialingdaorenjiejian。

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