火狐体育

菜单导航

十九技工学校习园地

作者: 张馨予 发布时间: 2019年11月22日 05:11:29

  shijiudabaogaozhichu,quanmianjianchengfugaiquanmin、chengxiangtongchou、quanzeqingxi、baozhangshidu、kechixudeduocengcishehuibaozhangtixi。quanmianshishiquanmincanbaojihua。jinkuaishixianyanglaobaoxianquanguotongchou。jianchifangzishiyonglaizhude、bushiyonglaichaodedingwei,rangquantirenminzhuyousuoju。

  shehuibaozhangtixi,shiminshengdebaohuwang,shifengxiandehuanchongqi。weilai,quanmianjianchengduocengcishehuibaozhangtixi,yingzainaxiefangmianzheli?yanglaobaoxianfugaiquanmin,younaxiekunnanyaojiejue?rangquantirenminzhuyousuojudezhufangzhidu,yougairuhejiakuaijianli?xiangguanrenshijiucijinxinglefenxi。

  问 全面建成社保体系,如何着力?

  记者:十九大报告提出,要“全面建成覆盖全民、城乡统筹、权责清晰、保障适度、可持续的多层次社会保障体系”。这一目标该如何理解?应在哪些方面着力?

  中央财经技工学校中国社会保障研究中心主任褚福灵:十九大报告火狐体育社会保障体系建设的新论述,为下一阶段社会保障发展与改革指出了方向和任务。过去我们围绕覆盖全民、城乡统筹、可持续等社会保障目标,更多强调的是“建设”,此次则明确表示要“建成”。这意味着社会保障事业要进一步攻坚克难,不留空白。

  fugaiquanmin,jiushiyaobasuoyoufuhetiaojianderenyuandounarudaoshehuibaozhangtixizhonglai,bufenchengxiang、bufennianling、bufenzhiye,yigedoubunengshao。chengxiangtongchou,jiushiyaowenbutuijinbaozhangzhiduheguanlifuwudeyitihuajianshe。quanzeqingxi,zhuyaoqiangdiaoshehuibaoxianquanliyuyiwuxiangduidengdeyuanze,jinkenengdihuaqingbianjie。baozhangshidu,zhuyaozhibaozhangshuipingyingdangyujingjifazhanshuipingxiangshiying,bingsuijingjifazhanerzhubutigao。kechixu,zeshiqiangdiaozhiduyaozheyanzhangyuan、anquankechixu。

  jinnianlai,woguoshehuibaozhangtixijianshequdelezhangzufazhan。jiezhi2019niandi,jibenyanglaofugaizongrenshuyue8.8yiren,anyingcanbaorenshujin10yiren(yi16suiyishangrenshuweicanzhao)gusuan,jibenyanglaobaoxiancanbaolvdadao90%zuoyou;chengxiangjibenyiliaobaoxianyijiejinquanfugai;chengxiangzuidishenghuobaozhangfugairenshudazhiwei6000wanren,chengxiangtekunrenyuandazhifugai500wanren,jibenzuodaoleyingbaojinbao。keyishuo,woguoyiyanglao、yibaohedibaoweizhongdiandeshehuibaozhang,zaizhidushangyishixianquanfugai,zairenqunshangzuodaoleguangfanfugai。tongshi,chengxiangshehuibaozhangzhidujianshetongchoutuijin,yequdelezhangzujinbu,shebaodaiyushuipingwenbutigao。

  xiayibu,yingweiraoshijiudabaogaosuotichudemubiao,zai“doudixian、zhimiwang、jianjizhi”fangmianxiagengdadegongfu。doudixian,jiushiyaojixuhangshidixian,tongguoshehuibaoxian、shehuijiuzhu、shehuifuli、cishanshiye、youfuanzhidengyizhengtaotixi,laibaozhangkunnanqunzhongshenghuo,huajiechengxiangjumindehouguzhiyou。zhimiwang,guanjianyaobayoulizaizhiduzhiwaiderenqundounarujinlai,gonggupuhuixing。jianjizhi,yingjieheshebaoshiyefazhanhebaixingxinsuqiu,jinyibuwanshanzhidu。muqian,woguoyiyanglao、yiliao、dibaoweizhongdiandeshehuibaozhangzhiduduoweikuangjiaxingwenjian,jinhouyingjiaqianglifa,jinyibuxihua。

  问 养老保险覆盖全民,还有多远?

  记者:养老保险是极受关注的社会保险。十九大报告提出,要“全面实施全民参保计划”。在医保已基本实现全民参保的情况下,养老保险覆盖全民还有哪些困难?如何解决?

  褚福灵:基本养老保险要从目前的“广泛覆盖”走向“全覆盖”,就要聚焦那些还未纳入的人群,解决其保障问题。目前,仍然在制度之外的主要是灵活就业人员、新业态就业人员以及部分中小企业人员,主要是以农民工为主体的从业人员。看比例,可能不到应参保人群的10%;看绝对额,大约1亿人,人数不少、任务很重。

  renliziyuanheshehuibaozhangbuzhengzaituijinquanmincanbaodengjijihua,jiangzhangwodaosuoyouweicanbaorenyuandejutiqingkuang。zheijiukeyiyouzhenduixingdichutaicuoshi,yindaoneixiemeiyoucanbaoderenquncanjiadaoyanglaobaoxianzhiduzhonglai,zuizhongshixianquanmincanbao。

  记者:十九大报告确定了“尽快实现养老保险全国统筹”的目标。全国统筹,对养老保险的可持续发展将起到什么样的作用?

  褚福灵:目前,养老保险还是省级统筹为主。全国养老保险基金累计结余虽然达到4万多亿元,但是省与省之间不平衡,有的省份养老金节余较多,有的省份已面临支付困难。全国统筹,有助于实现互助共济,均衡地区养老负担畸轻畸重、增强养老保险基金抗风险能力,对建立人工成本公平的企业竞争环境、形成顺畅流动的劳动力大市场,也有着很强的现实意义。需要指出的是,养老保险全国统筹是一项系统工程,不仅需要统筹基金,更需要统一制度、健全管理、规范技术,这就需要多方面的协调推进。

热点文章
热门标签