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【学习园地】最高检第二检察厅厅长就典型案例

作者: 张馨予 发布时间: 2021年06月28日 11:18:17

  惩治新型毒品犯罪

  维护人民群众健康

  ——zuigaojiandierjianchatingtingzhangyuanmingjiujianchajiguanyifachengzhixinxingdupinfanzuidianxinganlidajizhewen

  问:请问最高检发布新型毒品犯罪典型案例,是出于怎样的考虑?

  答:毒品作为全球性公害,不仅严重危害人民群众的身心健康,而且也严重影响经济发展和社会稳定。近年来,全国检察机关深入学习贯彻习近平总书记火狐体育禁毒工作的系列重要指示精神,全面贯彻落实《中共中央国务院火狐体育加强禁毒工作的意见》,按照国家禁毒委员会的工作部署,积极融入国家禁毒工作大局,积极履行检察职能,惩治和预防毒品犯罪工作取得了积极成效,为社会和谐稳定做出了积极贡献。

  2019nianyilai,jianchajiguanbanlidedupinfanzuianjianshuliangchengxianzhunianxiajiangtaishi,jindugongzuodechengxiaoxianxian,dandupinfanzuianjianzongshurengfeichangjuda。tebieshishouquanqiudupinxingshiyingxiang,zhifan、lanyongxinxinghechengdupin、xinjingshenhuoxingwuzhianjianzengzhangxunsu,yixieyulechangsuohetedingquntilanyongqingkuangtuchu,shehuiweihaixingda。jiezhimuqian,woguoyileijifaxianxinjingshenhuoxingwuzhi9dalei317zhong,jin3nianjiuxinfaxian50yuzhong。“congmingyao”“shenxianshui”“youpiao”denggezhongxinxingdupinxingtaigeyi,jijuweizhuangxing、yinbixinghemihuoxing,rongyibeiyixiebufafenziliyong,yingheqingshaonianhaoqi、zhuiqiuciji、quntihuadetedian,jiyiduiqingshaonianchanshengyinyouheweihai。yinci,duixinxingdupindeyouxiaochengzhi、qianghuazonghezhilikeburonghuan。

  xijinpingzongshujizhuanmenjiufangfanxinxingdupinduiqingshaonianweihaigongzuozuochupishi,jianchajiguanrenzhenluoshipishijingshen,jianchizhanzaiguojiaanwei、minzuxingshuai、renminfuzhidegaodu,tongguozujianzhuanyehuabanantuanduiyifayanlidajixinxingdupinfanzui,tongshijijituijinjinduzonghezhili,guangfankaizhanjinduyufangxuanchuanjiaoyugongzuo。jianchajiguanfabudianxinganli,shilizujianchazhineng,jijicanyujinduzhilidezhongyaofangshi。anlilaiyuanyushijian,shishengdongjutidefazhi。weici,zuigaojianconggedibaosongdexinxingdupinanjianzhong,shaixuanchu4jiandianxinganliyuyifabu,chongfenfahuidianxinganlizaituidongxinxingdupinanjianbanlizhongdeyinling、shifan、zhidaozuoyong,weigedibanantigongcankao。tongshi,gongkaifabukeyijinyibujieshixinxingdupindeweihai,zengqiangrenminqunzhongyouqishiqingshaonianshidufangdujuduyishihenengli。

  问:请您简要介绍一下这批典型案例的相关内容,呈现了哪些特点?

  答:本次共发布了4起典型案例。其中,案例一是四川王某某贩卖、制造毒品案。这起案件是涉新型毒品“咔哇氿”(γ-羟丁酸)案件。检察机关加强与相关监管部门以及专业机构的联动配合,对于被告人制造含有γ-羟丁酸成分的饮料并予以贩卖的行为,以贩卖、制造毒品罪追究其刑事责任。同时强化涉毒资产的审查,对毒品犯罪打财断血,摧毁毒品犯罪的经济基础。

  anliershijiangsupengmoujiadengrenfanmaidupinan。zheiqianjianshishexinxingdupin“lsdyoupiao”(maijiaoxianeryian)anjian。jianchajiguanyifachengzhidupinfanzuidetongshi,genjuxueshengsheandeqingkuang,yanshensifabananxiaoguo。lianhezhiyaoqiyejianlixinxingdupinjindujiaoyujidi,kaifazhibopingtaikaizhanfazhixuanchuan,zhifajianchajianyicanyujinduzonghezhili。

  anlisanshiguangxilvmoumoudengrenfanmaidupinan。zheiqianjianshishexinxingdupin“shenxianshui”(nimeixipan)anjian。jianchajiguanquanmianshenchaanjianshishijizhengju,chongfenfahuiyindaozhenchazuoyong,yifazhuibuyiloudefanzuixianyiren。tongshirenzhenkaizhanrenzuirenfashifashuoligongzuo,duigaileidupinchangjianxingtaiyijilanyongdeweihaikaizhanxuanchuanjiaoyuhuodong。

  anlisishifujianhumoumoufanmaidupinan。zheiqianjianshishexinxingdupin“congmingyao”(modafeini)anjian。jianchajiguanduiyimingyibeijigongxuexiaoluqudeyingjiegaosanbiyeshengdefanzuixianyirenjinxingzonghepinggu,tongguogongkaitingzheng,yifazuochubuqisujueding。tongshizhidinggexinghuabangjiaofangan,ducuqihuiguizhengtu。

  shangshuanlichengxianyixiatedian:

  一是强化对新型毒品犯罪案件的证据审查。针对新型毒品犯罪隐蔽性、迷惑性强的特点,检察机关积极引导公安机关依法全面收集、固定证据,构建严密证据锁链,夯实证据基础。同时,通过强化证据审查,积极推动新型毒品犯罪案件的立案监督,纠正漏捕漏罪漏犯,实现对毒品犯罪案件的全链条打击。需要特别指出的是,毒品犯罪是典型的逐利型犯罪,涉毒资产如果不能及时追查收缴,将严重影响毒品犯罪的打击效果。检察机关积极开展涉毒财产查缴和证据审查工作,对毒品犯罪“打财断血”,彻底摧毁毒品犯罪的经济基础。

  二是依法准确认定新型毒品犯罪性质。部分新型毒品具有精神药品和毒品的双重属性,检察机关准确理解和把握新类型毒品案件的法律规定,充分发挥检察官联席会的作用,会同法院、公安机关、食品药品监管部门以及专业机构的联动配合,对新型毒品案件准确定性,做到罪责刑相适应。

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